High frequency words in Spanish – 6
The word “en” is the sixth most frequent word in the Spanish language.
This one syllable word has a variety of possible meanings and translations into English (my dictionary has nine variations and shades of meaning). The key meanings are “on” or “in”.
“En” is a preposition.
Here are some examples of the use of “en”.
Mi casa está en Granada (my house is in Granada). For an audio clip, click below.
Mi libro está en la mesa ( my book is on the table). For an audio clip, click below.
For more advanced students in the two examples, note the use of the verb estar in the two examples for location.
En is pronounced as it looks “en”.
The preposition “en”, meaning in or on, amongst other things, is number six in the top one hundred Spanish words.
Click below for an audio clip of this post.
High frequency words in Spanish – 5
Coming in at number 5 is the mono-syllable “a”. In fact, all of the top ten high frequency words in Spanish are monosyllabic.
I suppose this is for a reason – if you say a word a lot, it is going to be bashed about quite a lot and finishes up by being a tried, tested and robust monosyllable.
“A” has a variety of different meanings but the main ones are “to” or “at”.
Examples of use are:
Voy a la playa (I am going to the beach).
¿A qué hora llega el tren? (At what time does the train leave?).
“A” is pronounced “ah”. (Click below for an audio of this post).
“A” is number five then in the Spanish top one hundred words.
High Frequency Words in Spanish – 4
Coming in at number four in the top 100 High frequency Spanish words is “y”.
“Y” means “and” in English.
It is a conjunction.
My dictionary lists five different types of use, but for the beginner, let’s face it again this is an obvious simple must-learn. “Y” is a sine qua non (for non latin speakers, and there are quite a few out there given the Roman empire’s demise a few years back, that means indispensable)
Example of use:
Voy a Madrid y a Londres. (I am going to Madrid and London). Another teacher type note – notice that London changes to Londres in Spanish.
The pronuciation is “ee”.
So there it is number four in the top one hundred Spanish words.
The clip below is an audio version of this post.
HIGH FREQUENCY WORDS IN SPANISH – 3
QUE is number 3 in the Spanish high frequency word charts.
The one syllable word is defined in the dictionary as a relative pronoun and a conjunction.
The translation for the relative pronoun is “who”, “that” or “which”
The translation for the conjunction is “that” or “which”
My dictionary lists 4 variations and shades of meaning for que.
So, this monosyllable must be learned.
Note there is no accent on the “e”. ¿Qué? means “what?”.
You might like to listen to the audio clip below of this post. Enjoy!
DE is number 2 in the Spanish high frequency word charts.
The one syllable word is defined in the dictionary as a preposition.
The English translation is “of” or “from”.
My dictionary lists 21 variations and shades of meaning. So, this monosyllable packs a punch and certainly is on the “need to know list”
Click below for a podcast with more or less the above content.
El is top of the pops! The big daddy. The king of the pile. The número uno.
The dictionary definition is El is a definite article. It means “the”.
Being this important, it is a “no brainer”. You simply have to know it.
Perhaps you might like to click on the link below – this is the same information, but in podcast form. Enjoy!
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