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Tag Archives: pronoun

ego

Yo is the fifty-first most common word in the Spanish language.

The monosyllable Yo is a personal pronoun.

My Collins Spanish – English gives a crisp and short section on the meanings and definition of the word.

Yo means “I”. It comes from the latin word “ego”, which, of course, has its related words egotistical and other connected root words in English.

Here are a couple of examples of the use of  yo.

Pablo y  yo no vamos a ir – Pablo and I are not going to go

El  yo – in psychology, this means the ego.

A short, sharp and crisp post to reflect the monosyllabic nature of the fifty-first most frequently use word in the Spanish language yo.

alguno

Alguno is the 49th most common word in the Spanish language.

The trisyllable is both an adjective and a pronoun.

My Collins English – Spanish dictionary has a number of different translation possibilities, but the best translation is “some” or “any”.

Here are a couple of examples of its use.

Algunas naranjas – some oranges (changed from alguno to algunas because naranjas is feminine plural)

Algunos chicos – some boys (changed from alguno to algunos because chicos is masculine plural)

To conclude, alguno is the 49th most common word in the Spanish language.


mi

Mi is the fourty eighth most common word in the Spanish language.

Mi, without an accent, simply means “my”. In this context, it is, in technical grammatical terms, a possessive adjective.

with an accent means “me”. Here is being used a pronoun.

Have you ever really noticed how these slight vowel changes have a huge impact on the meaning of the word and its function in the sentence? The human mind and ear are amazing bits of equipment!

When mi is acting as a possessive adjective, it is mi in the singular and mis in the plural.

Here are examples:-

Mi reloj – my watch

Mis bolis – my biros, my pens

And here is an example of the use of mí, with an accent.

Para – for me.

So, there it is, number 48 in the top 100 Spanish words. A short, punchy, monosyllable with two meanings to its name. All power to its elbow!

otro

OTRO is the thirtieth most common word in the Spanish language. OTRA is the singular feminine form, with OTROS and OTRAS being the corresponding masculine and feminine forms in the plural.

OTRO is described in my Collins English-Spanish dictionary as both a noun and a pronoun.

OTRO has a number of shades of meaning, but the key translations are “other” or “another”.

Here are some examples of its use:-

necesito otro diccionario

¡otra! – encore!

This last example is the mongrel language English at its best! I have used a French word (encore – literally meaning again) to translate a Spanish word. English certainly is predatory and collects and assimilates useful words wherever it can find them.

So there we have it – the thirtieth most common word in Spanish. Make sure you know it, can recognise it, and can use it!

 

TODO is the twenty-first most common word in the Spanish language.

I always remember a few years back one of my pupils said “to do” instead of TODO. Such is the imprint  and the power of the maternal tongue.

So, happy Spanish language learners, this word, the twenty-first most common word in the Spanish language is TODO not ” to do”. (If you have been following this series of podcasts and posts the word for “to do” is coming up shortly. I know you cannot wait – it is, in fact, high frequency word number 24. I will say no more – hacer is a cracking and confusing two syllable irregular verb).

TODO is a an adjective, a pronoun and is in particular neat verbal constructions.

TODO can mainly be translated into English as all.

In my previous post (the twentieth most common word in the Spanish language LO I talked about the value of reading the dictionary. I will know give an example of that. The next entry to TODO in my dictionary is todopoderoso. The first that all good linguists do is split a word up into its constituent parts – so, here we have TODO poderoso. So the first part means all, and usually, when there is some context around the word, that helps to give the meaning away. If, therefore you came across the following:-

el Todopoderoso está en el cielo – the Allmighty (all-powerful) is in heaven.

Here are some examples of the use of TODO

todo el mundo – all the world i.e. everybody

todo o nada – all or nothing

todos los coches – all the cars

For those on the other side of the pond (I am writing and podcasting this from the UK), the word coche in Spanish Spanish means car. The word “carro” in Spanish Spanish means “cart”. Such are the difficulties presented by the Atlantic divide. Carro thus potentially is a false friend (un amigo falso) depending on where you are in the world.

There we have it. TODO, the twenty first most common word in the Spanish language. One to know – that’s for sure!

Why not pop details of any Spanish false friends you know in the form below. The more the merrier!

To get us started – actual does not mean actual in Spanish, it is current, present day, as in el gobierno actual – the current government.