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mi

Mi is the fourty eighth most common word in the Spanish language.

Mi, without an accent, simply means “my”. In this context, it is, in technical grammatical terms, a possessive adjective.

with an accent means “me”. Here is being used a pronoun.

Have you ever really noticed how these slight vowel changes have a huge impact on the meaning of the word and its function in the sentence? The human mind and ear are amazing bits of equipment!

When mi is acting as a possessive adjective, it is mi in the singular and mis in the plural.

Here are examples:-

Mi reloj – my watch

Mis bolis – my biros, my pens

And here is an example of the use of mí, with an accent.

Para – for me.

So, there it is, number 48 in the top 100 Spanish words. A short, punchy, monosyllable with two meanings to its name. All power to its elbow!

su

Su is the fourteenth most common word in the Spanish language, and, as such, it really is a “no-brainer” (an expression I have heard in the past some of my students say) – you have to know it because it crops up so often.

Su is a possessive adjective.

The dictionary definition of su is:-

his

her

your

one’s

its (not it’s.. but that is an English grammatical can of worms, which I will not open!)

their

A long, and potentially very confusing list of words there. Of course, the specific meaning all depends on the context, that is to say the words and meanings surrounding the word su.

In the spirit of these podcasts, I will Keep It Simple. The most frequent meaning is his or her.

Here are some examples:-

Juan tiene su camisa – Juan has his shirt

Juanita tiene su camisa – Juanita has her shirt

“¡Tenga, su camisa, señor!” – “Here you are, your shirt, sir!”

el perro y su cachorro – the dog and its puppy

Juan y Juanita tienen su casa cerca de la playa – Juan and Juanita have their house near the beach.

Well su, for its diminutive size, certainly packs a punch!

So, there we have it – su is the 14th most common word in the Spanish language. It is a “no brainer” for the Spanish language learner, you simply have to know it!