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Tag Archives: personal pronoun

ego

Yo is the fifty-first most common word in the Spanish language.

The monosyllable Yo is a personal pronoun.

My Collins Spanish – English gives a crisp and short section on the meanings and definition of the word.

Yo means “I”. It comes from the latin word “ego”, which, of course, has its related words egotistical and other connected root words in English.

Here are a couple of examples of the use of  yo.

Pablo y  yo no vamos a ir – Pablo and I are not going to go

El  yo – in psychology, this means the ego.

A short, sharp and crisp post to reflect the monosyllabic nature of the fifty-first most frequently use word in the Spanish language yo.

me

Me is the thirty-fourth most common word in the Spanish Language.

In my Collins English – Spanish dictionary, me is described as a personal pronoun and a reflexive pronoun.

And it is one of those words which is the same in English as it is in Spanish and is used in broadly similar ways.

This monosyllabic high frequency word in Spanish can be translated in slightly different ways and my Collins dictionary has about five or so different meanings. The essential meanings, however, are me or myself.

Here are a couple of examples of the use of me

me llamo – my name is (literally – I call myself)

me llamó – he / she / you called me

The above examples also illustrate how an accent on a word can vary the meaning – here from the first person singular present tense to the third person singular preterite (or past tense).

So, there it is me standing proudly at number 35 in the Spanish high frequency word list in all its monosyllabic glory!

la

La is the thirty-second most common word in the Spanish language.

La is the feminine definite article, i.e. it goes with the feminine nouns. Masculine and feminine nouns can be a difficult concept for a maternal English tongue speaker. My advice if that is you – do not beat yourself up about it! Accept it and do not question it. OK, some words are masculine and some words are feminine – so what! I could go on to the Romans and all that! However, I won’t! Well I will – but not much… in Latin (which the Romans spoke) divided nouns up into masculine and feminine (not forgetting neuter).

But let’s get back to la. My Spanish – English Collins dictionary gives the basic meaning of la as “the”,

La is also a personal pronoun (when it means “her”).

Here are a couple of examples of the use of la

La casa es grande – the house is big

La chica es inteligente – the girl is intelligent.

So there it is – la the thirty-second most common word in the Spanish language.

LO is the twentieth most common word in the Spanish language.

Grammatically this word is very versatile. It is described in the dictionary as a definite article, and a personal pronoun.

Whilst the dictionary has many different meanings for this flimsy one syllable word, I will keep the meanings here to the more straight forward definitions. It can be variously translated as him, or you, or what with lots of other subtle shades of meaning that only a good read of the dictionary can reveal.

Read the dictionary! I hear you cry. Well, yes. One of the best ways to really get to grips with language learning is to read the dictionary. How sad, I hear you cry again. Well no. It is not sad ! Serious language learners do it regularly – it is a most useful practice for it opens the pathways of the minds to all sorts of possibilities, and almost subconciously, new phrases and shades of meaning seep into the mental recesses, only to pop out at the most unexpected times.

Here are a few examples of the use of LO

Lo mejor de aprender un idioma es ….. the best thing about learning a language is….

Lo que más me gusta es …. what I like the most is……

Lo conozco – I know him (or you depending on context).

To sum up, then. LO is the twentieth most common word in the Spanish language. A useful to know – there is no doubt about it!

Language and language laerning is a very personal thing. What techniques, tips do you use to remember vocabulary or phrases? Why not fill in your tip below.

le

Le is the nineteenth most common word in the Spanish Language.

It is not to be confused with the French le. Le in French means “the”. Le in Spanish means “to him”, to “her” or “to you” depending on the context, i.e. the words and meanings around le.

Le is, in grammatical terms, an indirect personal pronoun.

This is another example of a one syllable word punching well above its apparent verbal weight in the Spanish top one hundred words.

My dictionary gives it a couple of meanings.

Here is an example of the use of le :-

Le hablo – I speak to him (or to her, or to you)

So there it is, a short crisp post for the nineteenth most common word in the Spanish language. Le is definitely a word to lock away and know if your intention is to get to grips with Spanish.

se wordfoto

SE is the ninth most common word in the Spanish language.

This monosyllable has a varied and flexible life, and is very frequently on the tongues of Spanish speakers.

SE means (to) him, (to) her, (to) them, (to) you and also himself, herself, themselves, yourself and yourselves.

Well, that is quite a selection and I didn’t say it would be easy, did I?

SE is defined in various ways in the dictionary, but its main definition is a personal pronoun and as a reflexive pronoun.

When I say varied, it certainly is. There are some 5 differing shades of meaning indicated in the dictionary, but below I will give the key ones.

voy a dárselo – I am going to give it to him (or her, or you, or them – depending on the context.

Juan se lava – Juan washes (himself)

So there we have the busy bee life of the ninth most common word in the Spanish language – SE.