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saber

 

SABER is the 45th most common word in the Spanish language.

SABER is what appears to be an innocuous two-syllable verb. OK, I admit that it is irregular in certain parts and that in itself can cause some challenges. SABER causes a lot of discussion and heart-ache in Spanish lessons – this is because the word, or verb, means to know in English. However, there is also another word in Spanish which also means to know, namely CONOCER. Given the fact, therefore, that there are two words in Spanish and only one in English, gives rise to a certain amount of confusion and difficulty for the English speaker.

In such circumstances, I think the best approach is to keep it simple. SABER means to know a fact. CONOCER needs to know, in the sense of to be acquainted with.

As mentioned above, SABER is an irregular verb and I list below the key irregular parts of verb in the first person singular (the “I” form).

means I know …… this is the first person singular of the present tense.

Supe means I knew ….. this is the first person singular of the preterite tense.

Here are a couple of examples of the use of SABER.

The first one is in the first person singular of the present tense, and the second one is in the first person singular of the preterite tense.

que Londres es la capital de Inglaterra – I know that London is the capital of England.

Supe que Madrid es una ciudad muy encantadora. – I knew that Madrid is an enchanting city.

So there it is in all its complicated glory, SABER, a dual syllable irregular verb in Spanish. It causes problems, and it is well worth looking up in the dictionary – my trusty Collins Spanish English dictionary has always held me in good stead, why not give it a go? In fact, this may well be another of those opportunities to read the dictionary, which I have referred to other posts before.

Et voilà! – the 45th most common word in the Spanish language – SABER to know.