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tambien

También is the fifty-second most common word in the Spanish language.

The three syllable word is an adverb.

My Collins Spanish – English dictionary gives three short expressions in English as possible translations – “too”, “as well” , and “also”.

The online DICCIONARIO DE LA LENGUA ESPAÑOLA reveals that también is a fusion on the words tan (so) and bien (well). The diccionario (click here for the entry on también http://lema.rae.es/drae/?val=yo) is a tremendous resource for all students, especially with advanced students who really want to get to grips with the language.

Here are two exemples of the use of también.

voy a ir al café también – I am going to go to the café as well

me gusta jugar al fútbol también – I like to play football as well

There it is the fifty-second most frequently used word in the Spanish language – también.

mismo

Mismo is the fiftieth most common word in the Spanish language.

I am so pleased to have reached the 50th podcast on this blog and I have enjoyed the journey! I can also see that hits and views of the podcasts are on the rise. Thank you for your support!

Yes I’m now half way towards my aim of one hundred podcasts on the topic of the most frequently used words in Spanish. And, that feels good! Some six weeks ago I began this task with some trepidation. Now, I am well on the way!

I mentioned when I hit the 25th broadcast that doing this series of podcasts was something like learning a language – it certainly is. When learning a language you are continuously absorbing new material. Whenever I read or listen to Spanish or French, I’m constantly aware of,  and, indeed, am reminded of, new contexts and new words. It is in this way that the learning a foreign language never stops, and, that is one of its delights.

So, if you’re just starting out learning a language – stick at it. If you done a little bit, also stick at it and put yourself out just a little bit more. What did I hear at the gym once…!

So, let’s return to the 50th most common word in the Spanish language. That word is mismo.

Mismo is both an adjective and an adverb.

For those people who speak a little French, the French word même is in fact the same word as mismo. The circumflex on the E is just showing the missing S. Whilst, I am hesitant to make this into a French lesson, another example of this forest (la forêt).

My reliable Collins English Spanish dictionary has quite a range of translations, and the best translations to commit to memory are is “same” or “self”.

Here are two examples of this type of use.

Vivo en la misma calle – I live in the same street (change to misma because calle is feminine).

yo mismo – I myself

Well that’s half a century done and half a century to go! Bring it on ! (as some of my students might say).

Mismo then is the 50th most common word in the Spanish language and this two syllable word marks the half way stage in the journey to the 100 most common words in the Spanish language.

mucho

 

Mucho is the 44th most common word in the Spanish language.

For English speakers mucho does not cause many problems. In fact, mucho does what lots of English speakers want to happen all of the time if you cannot think of the Spanish word – take an English word and “lob” an “o” on the end.

Mucho is an adjective and an adverb. My Collins Spanish – English dictionary runs to some 7 or so definitions. But given its similarity to the English word “much”, its translation does not really cause much (!) difficulty.

The translation comes down to “a lot” or, of course, much.

Here is a simple example of the use of mucho.

Tengo mucho trabajo – I have a lot of work.

Much to do about nothing then! – Mucho the forty fourth most frequently used word in the Spanish language.

cuando

 

Cuando is the thirty-ninth most common word in the Spanish Language.

This two-syllable word is both a conjunction and an adverb.

The easiest and best translation for cuando is “when”.

My trusty English – Spanish dictionary gives a whole range of translation possibilities, but the simplest and most useful one to keep in mind is “when”.

When writing this post the well-known song “dime cuando, cuando, cuando“, has been rattling around in my head – I am sure that you know it. Well, perhaps it has not quite been rattling around in my head – it is a little more pleasant than that, but it is definitely proving to be difficult to move from my mind.

Having had a closer look at the dictionary, cuando, without an accent, carries more the sense of the English word “whenever”. However, when there is an idea of a question behind it, although it makes no difference when you are speaking, when you are writing you have to add an accent – cuándo.

Here are a couple of examples of the use of cuando both with and without an accent.

Ven cuando quieras – Come when(ever) you want to…there is no idea of a question here

Desde cuándo – since when? ..clearly with the idea of a question

So, cuando, or is it cuándo, the thirty-ninth most frequently used word in the Spanish language is a tale of a well-known song and an accent.

ya

Ya is the thirty-fifth most common word in the Spanish language.

This monosyllable is described in the dictionary as an adverb and a conjunction.

My trusty Collins English-Spanish dictionary has a variety of translations – but the key translation to remember is “already”. The dictionary, of course, then develops this translation a lot more, but, in essence, “already” is sufficient for our purposes.

Here is an example of the use of ya

Ya lo he visto – I have already seen it

Well, there it is the thirty-fifth most common word in the Spanish language. Short,nice and precise.

SI

Si is thirty third most common word in the Spanish language.

It is also one of the words that most people recognise – even those who have never learned a word of Spanish.

This monosyllabic sibilant has two potential meanings in Spanish.

My Collins Spanish English dictionary gives quite a substantial write-up, with some ten differences of meaning and shades of meaning.

Si (without an accent) means “if”

 (with an accent) means “yes”.

Here are examples of the different uses of Si

Sí, señor – “yes, sir”

Si lo quieres – tómalo – If you like it, take it!

And, here is an example (with potential to confuse).

, sé que si significa “if” en inglés – Yes, I know that si means “if” in English.

What a short, sexy, and sibilant lexical item. Si or weighs in at number 33 in the top 100 Spanish words.

como

Como is the sixteenth most common word in the Spanish language.

Como is defined grammatically as an adverb. The two syllable word has some eight different shades of meaning according to my dictionary, and therefore can present something of a challenge to a student who is starting to learn Spanish.

In the spirit of this series of posts, I am going to keep the definition simple and fairly restricted. Como means like in English or such as.

Here are a couple of examples of the use of como

Luis Suárez juega como un idiota – Luis Suárez plays like an idiot.

(a reference to a recent event when Liverpool striker Suárez bit the ear of an opponent).

Luis Suárez no tiene ventajas como la paciencia y autocontrol – Luis Suárez has no advantages such as patience and self-control

(sorry to go on about it!)

To conclude, como, a a crsip two syllable adverb, meaning like or such as is the sixteenth most frequently used word in the Spanish language.