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mismo

Mismo is the fiftieth most common word in the Spanish language.

I am so pleased to have reached the 50th podcast on this blog and I have enjoyed the journey! I can also see that hits and views of the podcasts are on the rise. Thank you for your support!

Yes I’m now half way towards my aim of one hundred podcasts on the topic of the most frequently used words in Spanish. And, that feels good! Some six weeks ago I began this task with some trepidation. Now, I am well on the way!

I mentioned when I hit the 25th broadcast that doing this series of podcasts was something like learning a language – it certainly is. When learning a language you are continuously absorbing new material. Whenever I read or listen to Spanish or French, I’m constantly aware of,  and, indeed, am reminded of, new contexts and new words. It is in this way that the learning a foreign language never stops, and, that is one of its delights.

So, if you’re just starting out learning a language – stick at it. If you done a little bit, also stick at it and put yourself out just a little bit more. What did I hear at the gym once…!

So, let’s return to the 50th most common word in the Spanish language. That word is mismo.

Mismo is both an adjective and an adverb.

For those people who speak a little French, the French word même is in fact the same word as mismo. The circumflex on the E is just showing the missing S. Whilst, I am hesitant to make this into a French lesson, another example of this forest (la forêt).

My reliable Collins English Spanish dictionary has quite a range of translations, and the best translations to commit to memory are is “same” or “self”.

Here are two examples of this type of use.

Vivo en la misma calle – I live in the same street (change to misma because calle is feminine).

yo mismo – I myself

Well that’s half a century done and half a century to go! Bring it on ! (as some of my students might say).

Mismo then is the 50th most common word in the Spanish language and this two syllable word marks the half way stage in the journey to the 100 most common words in the Spanish language.

alguno

Alguno is the 49th most common word in the Spanish language.

The trisyllable is both an adjective and a pronoun.

My Collins English – Spanish dictionary has a number of different translation possibilities, but the best translation is “some” or “any”.

Here are a couple of examples of its use.

Algunas naranjas – some oranges (changed from alguno to algunas because naranjas is feminine plural)

Algunos chicos – some boys (changed from alguno to algunos because chicos is masculine plural)

To conclude, alguno is the 49th most common word in the Spanish language.

mucho

 

Mucho is the 44th most common word in the Spanish language.

For English speakers mucho does not cause many problems. In fact, mucho does what lots of English speakers want to happen all of the time if you cannot think of the Spanish word – take an English word and “lob” an “o” on the end.

Mucho is an adjective and an adverb. My Collins Spanish – English dictionary runs to some 7 or so definitions. But given its similarity to the English word “much”, its translation does not really cause much (!) difficulty.

The translation comes down to “a lot” or, of course, much.

Here is a simple example of the use of mucho.

Tengo mucho trabajo – I have a lot of work.

Much to do about nothing then! – Mucho the forty fourth most frequently used word in the Spanish language.

muy

Muy is the 41st most common word in the Spanish language.

This little word really does pack a punch underneath its unassuming one syllable outside.

The word is most easily translated into English as “very”.

My trusty Collins Spanish English dictionary has a further three possible translations for the word but the easiest one to remember is simply “very”.

Muy is an adjective.

Here are a couple of examples of the way that the word is used in context.

Es muy inteligente – he / she is intelligent

Rafael Nadal es un tenista muy bueno

So there it is – muy is the 41st most common word in the Spanish language. It is well worth learning for all Spanish learners.

 

TODO is the twenty-first most common word in the Spanish language.

I always remember a few years back one of my pupils said “to do” instead of TODO. Such is the imprint  and the power of the maternal tongue.

So, happy Spanish language learners, this word, the twenty-first most common word in the Spanish language is TODO not ” to do”. (If you have been following this series of podcasts and posts the word for “to do” is coming up shortly. I know you cannot wait – it is, in fact, high frequency word number 24. I will say no more – hacer is a cracking and confusing two syllable irregular verb).

TODO is a an adjective, a pronoun and is in particular neat verbal constructions.

TODO can mainly be translated into English as all.

In my previous post (the twentieth most common word in the Spanish language LO I talked about the value of reading the dictionary. I will know give an example of that. The next entry to TODO in my dictionary is todopoderoso. The first that all good linguists do is split a word up into its constituent parts – so, here we have TODO poderoso. So the first part means all, and usually, when there is some context around the word, that helps to give the meaning away. If, therefore you came across the following:-

el Todopoderoso está en el cielo – the Allmighty (all-powerful) is in heaven.

Here are some examples of the use of TODO

todo el mundo – all the world i.e. everybody

todo o nada – all or nothing

todos los coches – all the cars

For those on the other side of the pond (I am writing and podcasting this from the UK), the word coche in Spanish Spanish means car. The word “carro” in Spanish Spanish means “cart”. Such are the difficulties presented by the Atlantic divide. Carro thus potentially is a false friend (un amigo falso) depending on where you are in the world.

There we have it. TODO, the twenty first most common word in the Spanish language. One to know – that’s for sure!

Why not pop details of any Spanish false friends you know in the form below. The more the merrier!

To get us started – actual does not mean actual in Spanish, it is current, present day, as in el gobierno actual – the current government.