IR is the twenty-ninth most common word in the Spanish language.
And, oh boy, this irregular verb is a “biggy”. It is a must know, a no brainer a simple got to know …I think you get the gist!
This little, seemingly innocuous, one syllable word which hardly bothers the eye and flips off the tongue in the battering of an eyelid (caution! – metaphor mixing) is an essential building block and step in the Spanish language learning process.
IR, with a pleasant little trill on the end of the verb (or rolling r), a sound which is not easy for the maternal tongue English speaker (with perhaps the exception of the Scots), means “to go”.
This little monosyllable certainly packs some linguistic punch. My Collins English-Spanish dictionary has a whole maze of meanings and subtleties attached to it. Again, this is where reading the dictionary can again come into its own (click on the tag below, reading the dictionary for other posts where I have talked about this particular topic).
But, to cut to the chase, and to keep it simple, the basic meaning of IR is “to go”.
Key parts of the verb are:
VOY – I go / I am going
IBA – I used to go / I was going
FUI – I went
HE IDO – I have gone
I have deliberately only used the first person ( I ) in the different key tenses. Note that each part of the verb does not bear any real resemblance to the infinitive IR. And, come to that, notice how the English is also, apparently, “all over the place”. (go, went, gone) – but that is another story for another website / blog. If however, you would like to follow this up, I would suggest that verbix.com is a very good place to start.
Here are a couple of examples of the use of IR and its various parts.
Voy a ir a España – I am going to go to Spain.
Fui a Argentina – I went to Argentina
He ido a Francia – I have been to France
Iba a Bolivia – I used to go to Bolivia.
Well there it is – the muscly, mighty, powerful one syllable with the trill, IR. It is the twenty ninth most common word in Spanish.
For those competitive types amongst you, I am offering a free half an hour online Spanish lesson for the first person to respond to the question below. ¡Vamos!